Introduction to Soyabean

Soyabean is also known as Golden Bean or Miracle Crop, as they contain a complete source of protein and oil. Soyabean belongs to the legume family and originated in China. It was introduced to India across the Himalayan Mountains many years ago. Soyabean is mainly grown for their seeds and is the second largest oil seed after groundnut in India. Soyabean, being full of nutritional value, contains about 40% to 50% high quality protein and 20% to 22 % oil. Soyabeans also have some essential amino acids (5%), carbohydrates, vitamins (thiamine and riboflavin) and minerals.

Soyabean can be grown in varied agro climatic conditions and is mainly cultivated in Indian States like Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan in India. The shape of the bean is oval and mostly cream color.

Uses for Soyabean

  1. Soyabean oil is extracted from its seed and is used as vegetable oil. It is widely used as cooking oil in India. In the process of manufacturing, the seeds are cracked and heated up to 60 to 87 degree Celsius.
  2. Soyabean milk is produced by soaking, grinding and boiling soyabeans with water. It is one of the most nutritious drinks that can help keep your health at an optimum level. It contains all the essential proteins, fiber, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.
  3. Soyabean Flour is produced from roasted soyabeans that are ground into a powder. The flour is considered good for health and can be used as the supplement of wheat flour.
  4. Others: Soyabean foods like tofu and soya yogurt are also rich in proteins and vitamins.

Benefits of Soyabean

  1. It contains low fat with almost no cholesterol.
  2. It contains omega – 3 fats which is good for the heart.
  3. It is an excellent source of Calcium and Vitamin B12.
  4. It is a good source of protein containing all amino acids.
  5. It contains essential minerals like selenium, iron, calcium and magnesium.
  6. It helps in reducing disease related to heart, cancers and osteoporosis.
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