Soyabean Field Preparation

Land preparation for soyabean cultivation is almost the same as required for maize in India. For Soyabean cultivation, the field should be deeply ploughed in early summer to kill harmful insects and flies. Followed by spreading cow manure (natural fertilizer), to enrich the field. Soyabean farming requires well drained soil with pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.5.

Farmers should consider the below points to enhance soyabean productivity during the cultivation process.

1. Use of Quality Seed: Poor quality seeds can affect crop productivity and result in yield reduction. Proper selection of quality seed plays vital role in crop production.

2. Accurate Quantity of Seed: Farmers should have knowledge of the accurate quantity of seed while sowing. Following the recommended quantity per hectare will aid in good productivity.

3. Correct sowing methods: Soyabean germinate through the Epigeal mode of germination, which means the seed germination process takes place above the ground. This can sometimes cause stress on the germinating seeds as they need to push through the soil to take root. This should be considered when preparing the land for sowing as hard, dry soil may be an obstacle while sowing if the root in not able to penetrate the ground properly.

It’s always important to prepare the soil before sowing any crop. Well fertilized and ploughed soil make for ideal growing conditions for soyabeans, and not taking the time for these critical steps may limit the yield and quality of the crop.

Seed rate is also an important aspect. It is governed by numerous factors such as seed size, seed weight, spacing, germination of the seed. Soyabean gown for grain purpose needs about 20-30 kg seed per hectare.

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